JAMES THURBER "THE PRINCESS AND THE TIN BOX"
Once upon a time, in a far country, there lived a king whose daughter was the prettiest princess in the world.
Her eyes were like the cornflower, her hair was sweeter than the hyacinth, and her throat made the swan look dusty.
From the time she was a year old, the princess had been showered with presents.
Her nursery looked like Cartier's window. Her toys were all made of gold or platinum or diamonds or emeralds.
She was not permitted to have wooden blocks or china dolls or rubber dogs or linen books, because such materials
were considered cheap for the daughter of a king.
When she was seven, she was allowed to attend the wedding of her brother and throw real pearls at the bride instead of rice.
Only the nightingale, with his lyre of gold, was permitted to sing for the princess. The common blackbird, with his boxwood flute,
was kept out of the palace grounds. She walked in silver-and-samite slippers to a sapphire-and-topaz bathroom and slept in an
ivory bed inlaid with rubies.
On the day the princess was eighteen, the king sent a royal ambassador to the courts of five neighboring kingdoms to announce
that he would give his daughter's hand in marriage to the prince who brought her the gift she liked the most.
The first prince to arrive at the palace rode a swift white stallion and laid at the feet of the princess an enormous
apple made of solid gold which he had taken from a dragon who had guarded it for a thousand years.
It was placed on a long ebony table set up to hold the gifts of the princess' suitors.
The second prince, who came on a gray charger, brought her a nightingale made of a thousand diamonds,
and it was placed beside the golden apple. The third prince, riding on a black horse,
carried a great jewel box made of platinum and sapphires, and it was placed next to the diamond nightingale.
The fourth prince, astride a fiery yellow horse, gave the princess a gigantic heart made of rubies and pierced by an emerald arrow.
It was placed next to the platinum-and-sapphire jewel box.
Now the fifth prince was the strongest and handsomest of all the five suitors, but he was the son of a poor king whose realm
had been overrun by mice and locusts and wizards and mining engineers so that there was nothing much of value left in it.
He came plodding up to the palace of the princess on a plow horse and he brought her a small tin box filled with mica and
feldspar and hornblende which he had picked up on the way.
The other princes roared with disdainful laughter when they saw the tawdry gift the fifth prince had brought to the princess.
But she examined it with great interest and squealed with delight, for all her life she had been glutted with precious stones
and priceless metals, but she had never seen tin before or mica or feldspar or hornblende.
The tin box was placed next to the ruby heart pierced with an emerald arrow.
"Now," the king said to his daughter, "you must select the gift you like best and marry the prince that brought it."
The princess smiled and walked up to the table and picked up the present she liked the most.
It was the platinum-and-sapphire jewel box, the gift of the third prince.
"The way I figure it," she said, "is this. It is a very large and expensive box, and when I am married,
I will meet many admirers who will give me precious gems with which to fill it to the top.
Therefore, it is the most valuable of all the gifts my suitors have brought me and I like it the best."
The princess married the third prince that very day in the midst of great merriment and high revelry.
More than a hundred thousand pearls were thrown at her and she loved it.
Moral: All those who thought that the princess was going to select the tin box filled with worthless stones
instead of one of the other gifts will kindly stay after class and write one hundred times on the blackboard,
"I would rather have a hunk of aluminum silicate than a diamond necklace."
Cartier's: a store that sells very expensive jewelry, located in New York City
samite: a silk fabric
mica; feldspar; hornblende: three kinds of ordinary rock
tawdry: tacky; cheap and flashy
Answer the questions.
- What kind of literary work is "The Princess and the Tin Box"?
- What features typical of this genre can you find in it? What typical characters can you name?
- When and where is the action set?
- What is the beauty of the princess compared to?
- How is the richness of the kingdom emphasised? Which comparison is too modern for this genre?
- What announcement does the king make when his daughter is eighteen? How is she supposed to choose the prince?
- How is the fifth prince different from the others? What present does he bring? Why?
- The fifth prince comes from a realm overrun by "mice and locusts and wizards and mining engineers." Which of these "pests" would be completely out of place in a traditional fairy tale?
- What do the other suitors think of his gift? What is the reaction of the princess?
- What did you feel when you read the tale to the end? Why?
- James Thurber often gives funny, unexpected twists to old fairy tales and fables. In a traditional fairy tale, which gift would the princess choose? What would probably happen next?
- Look back at the princess' announcement of her decision. What is surprising about the way she talks? What kind of person is she?
- Some people believe that Thurber is mocking certain values of society in this tale. Do you agree? Why or why not?