SHAKESPEARE’S SONNETS (part 2)
A. Answer the questions.
- What is end rhyming?
- What is the rhyme scheme of a sonnet?
- What is a quatrain?
- What is a couplet?
- How many quatrains and couplets does a sonnet consist of?
B. Listen to the sonnet and read it.
Is end rhyming used in it?
When, in disgrace with fortune and men’s eyes,
I all alone beweep my outcast state
And trouble deaf Heaven with my bootless cries,
And look upon myself and curse my fate,
Wishing me like to one more rich in hope,
Featur’d like him, like him with friends possess’d,
Desiring this man’s art and that man’s scope,
With what I most enjoy contented least;
Yet in these thoughts myself almost despising,
Haply I think on thee, and then my state
Like to the lark at break of day arising
From sullen earth, sings hymns at heaven’s gate;
For thy sweet love remember’d such wealth brings,
That then I scorn to change my state with kings.
featur’d = featured
possess’d = possessed
remember’d = remembered
С. Answer the questions.
- What is the rhyme scheme of the first quatrain?
- What end rhymes in the first quatrain are repeated? Where?
- From what point of view is the sonnet written?
- Why does the speaker cry and curse his fate?
- What wish does the speaker express in the second quatrain?
- What are his feelings towards the people he mentions and himself?
- How do his emotions change in the third quatrain? Why?
- What is the main idea of the sonnet?
D. Read and translate the following paragraph:
Figurative language is any language that is not intended to be interpreted in a strict literal sense. A simile is a type of figurative language. It is a stated comparison between two things that are really very different but that share some common quality. To create a vivid picture, a writer points out the quality they share.
Similes are easy to recognize because they always use special words to state their comparisons. They are often introduced by the use of like or as. If you were to say, “Jason runs like the wind and is as strong as an ox,” you would be using similes. Other words and phrases used in similes are as if, than, such as, and resembles — all of which state a comparison directly.
One important thing to remember is that statements comparing things that are essentially alike are not similes. Statements such as “She looks like her mother” or “She skates as well as I do” are not similes. A simile reveals a similar quality in two elements that are otherwise different.
О my luve is like a red, red rose,
That's newly sprung in June.
О my luve is like the melodie
That's sweetly played in tune.
The lines above are part of a poem by Robert Burns.
- What word does he use to state the comparison?
- What is the poet comparing?
- Are his comparisons similes? Why do you think so?
- What common qualities do the compared things share?
The simile does not use all the points of comparison, it only uses some. For instance, the comparison of "my luve" to "a rose" does not necessarily mean that the loved one is thorny, nor that she lives in a garden, nor that she has a green neck. Rather, it means that "my luve" is delicate, fragrant, rare, and beautiful, as the flower is.
E. Read the sonnet again. Answer the questions.
- In which lines do you find the words which state comparisons?
- Which of these comparisons is a simile?
- What are the points of comparison in this simile?
F. Write a translation of the sonnet.
G. Try to write a poetical translation.